Laboratory Investigation of Fault Location in Transmission Lines

Saeed Roostaee, Mini Shaji Thomas, Shbana Mehfuz

Abstract


A fault analysis tool should be able to detect the fault event by automatically interpreting recorded transients captured during relay trip operation and then estimate the fault location in the transmission line. Many methods and techniques have been introduced on fault location in transmission. However, few of them focused on experimental results. This paper reviews some techniques which are used in today's modern protection relay and fault analysis software. Thereafter, to test and compare the techniques with experimental results, a fault location laboratory setup has been proposed and developed in substation automation laboratory of Jamia Millia Islamia University. In this setup, several types of fault in different location of a transmission line are simulated in PSCAD software, a secondary test kit is utilized to inject the associated three Phase voltage and current signals of the faults to a protection relay. The recorded fault events are loaded from the relay and analyzed with transient analysis software.

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