Fuzzy sliding mode control of a shunt active power filter for harmonic reduction in grid-connected photovoltaic systems

Réné Constant FANJIP, Serge Raoul DZONDE NAOUSSI, Charles Hubert KOM, Arnaud NANFAK, Gildas Martial NGALEU


This paper presents the design of a fuzzy sliding mode control (Fuzzy-SMC) of shunt active power filter (SAPF) for harmonics reduction in grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems. In the proposed controller, the dynamics parameters of sliding mode controller (SMC) are determined by the fuzzy logic controller (FLC). The SMC is based on a sliding plane and no longer requires the discontinuous component of the classical SMC. The results obtained by the computer simulations carried out by MATLAB/Simulink software are compared with those obtained with hysteresis and sliding mode controls. In the case where the power of the PV generator is higher than that of the load, the load is supplied by the PV generator and the surplus energy is injected into the grid. After connection of the filter, the current supplying to the load goes from a THD of 22.33% to 0.29% with the proposed controller, compared to the 0.98% obtained with the SMC or the 0.95% obtained with the hysteresis. In the case where the power of the PV generator is lower than that of the load, the load is fed by both the grid and the PV generator. The current obtained after filtering has a THD of 2.77% with the proposed controller.

Full Text:



M. Dali, J. Belhadj, and X. Roboam, “Hybrid solar–wind system with battery storage operating in grid-connected and standalone mode: Control and energy management – Experimental investigation,†Energy, vol. 35, pp. 2587–2595, June 2010.

S. Kosai, and J. Cravioto, “Resilience of standalone hybrid renewable energy systems: The role of storage capacity,†Energy, vol. 196, pp. 1–13, November 2020.

U. Vargas, G. C. Lazaroiu, E. Tironi, and A. Ramirez, “Harmonic modeling and simulation of a stand-alone photovoltaic-battery-supercapacitor hybrid system,†International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 105, pp. 70–78, February 2019.

G.-H. Kim, C. Hwang, J.-H. Jeon, J.-B. Ahn, and E.-S. Kim, “A novel three-phase four-leg inverter based load unbalance compensator for stand-alone microgrid,†International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 65, pp. 70–75, February 2015.

P. Raseena, “Transformerless Photovoltaic Inverter for Standalone Scheme With Extended Input Voltage,†Materials Today: Proceedings, vol. 24, pp. 1965–1971, 2020.

K. A. Himali Lakshika, et al., “Reconfigurable solar photovoltaic systems: A review,†Heliyon, vol. 6, pp. 1–18, April 2020.

M. Parvez, M. F. M. Elias, N. A. Rahim, and N. Osman, “Current control techniques for three-phase grid interconnection of renewable power generation systems: A review,†Solar Energy, vol. 135, pp. 29–42, October 2016.

S. Ndjakomo Essiane, S. Perabi Ngoffe, A. Moukengue Imano, and L. Nneme Nneme, “ Présentation et application d’un nouveau schéma de contrôle d’un filtre hybride parallèle à des réseaux électriques triphasés 400 V / 50 Hz et 480 V / 60 Hz,†Afrique Science, vol. 10, pp. 27–38, May 2014.

Y. Hoon, M. A. Mohd Radzi, M. K. Hassan, and N. F. Mailah, “Control algorithms of shunt active power filter for harmonics mitigations: a review,†Energies, vol. 10, pp. 1–29, December 2017.

Y. Hoon, M. A. Mohd Radzi, M. K. Hassan, and N. F. Mailah, “Enhanced instantaneous power theory with average algorithm for indirect current controlled three-level inverter-based shunt active power filter under dynamic state conditions,†Mathematical Problems in Engineering, vol. 2016, pp. 1–12, February 2016.

S. Adak, “Harmonics Mitigation of Stand-Alone Photovoltaic System Using LC Passive Filter,†Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology, vol. 16, pp. 2389–2396, May 2021.

F. N. Belchior, L. R. de Lima, P. F. Ribeiro, and J. F. C. Castro, “A novel approach towards passive filter placement,†In: Proceedings of 2015 IEEE power and energy society general meeting, Denver, USA, pp. 1–5, July 2015.

Luis Moran, Juan Dixon, and Miguel Torres, Power Electronics Handbook, 4th ed., Butterworth-Heinemann, 2018, pp.1341–1379.

M. Popescu, A. Bitoleanu, and V. Suru, “A DSP-based implementation of p-q theory in active power filtering under nonideal voltage conditions,†IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 9, pp. 880–889, May 2013.

S. Adak, H. Cangi, B. Eid, and A. Serdar Yilmaz, “Developed analytical expression for current harmonic distortion of the PV system’s inverter in relation to the solar irradiance and temperature,†Electrical Engineering, vol. 103, pp. 697–704, 2021.

S. R. N. Dzondé, H. Berviller, C. H. Kom, and P. Wira, “A unique FPGA for the implementation of neural strategies for identifying harmonic distortions,†In: IECON 2013 - 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Vienna, Austria, pp. 352-357, November 2013.

M. Monfared, S. Golestan, and J. M. Guerrero, “A new synchronous reference frame-based method for single-phase shunt active power filters,†Journal of Power Electronics, vol. 13, pp. 692–700, July 2013.

E. Lavopa, P. Zanchetta, M. Sumner, and F. Cupertino, “Real-Time estimation of fundamental frequency and harmonics for active shunt power filters in aircraft electrical system,†IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 8, pp. 2875–2884, August 2009.

O. Vodyakho, and C. C. Mi, “Tree-level inverter-based shunt active power flter in three-phase three-wire and four-wire systems,†IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 24, pp. 1350–1363, 2009.

M. Karbasforooshan and M. Monfared, “An adaptive recursive discrete fourier transform technique for the reference current generation of single-phase shunt active power filters,†In: 2016 7th Power Electronics and Drive Systems Technologies Conference (PEDSTC), Tehran, Iran, pp. 253–259, February 2016.

A. T. Boum, G. B. Djidjio Keubeng, and L. Bitjoka, “Sliding mode control of a three-phase parallel active filter based on a two-level voltage converter,†Systems Science & Control Engineering, vol. 5, pp. 535–543, November 2017.

L. V. Assiene Mouodo, J. G. Tamba, O. T. Sosso Mayi, “H-Infinity Control of an Adaptive Hybrid Active Power Filter for Power Quality Compensation,†Energy and Power Engineering, vol. 12, pp. 603–640, November 2020.

R. Arun, B. Ramkiran, and Ayyapan, “Shunt active power filter using Hysteresis and PI control for improving the power quality using MATLAB,†In: 2015 Online International Conference on Green Engineering and Technologies (IC-GET), Coimbatore, India, pp. 1–5, November 2015.

A. A. Imam, R. Sreerama Kumar, and Y. A. Al-Turki, “Modeling and Simulation of a PI Controlled Shunt Active Power Filter for Power Quality Enhancement Based on P-Q Theory,†Electronics, vol. 9, pp. 637, April 2020.

S. Musa, M. A. M. Radzi, H. Hisham and N. I. Abdulwahab, “Fuzzy logic controller based three phase shunt active power filter for harmonics reduction,†In: 2014 IEEE Conference on Energy Conversion (CENCON), Johor Bahru, Malaysia, pp. 371–376, October 2014.

T. Louossi, N. Djongyang, O. T. Sosso Mayi, and A. Nanfak, “Perturb and observe maximum power point tracking method for photovoltaic systems using duty-cycle modulation,†Journal of Renewable Energies, vol. 23, pp. 159–175, December 2020.

J. K. Udavalakshmi, and M. S. Sheik, “Comparative Study of Perturb & Observe and Look-Up Table Maximum Power Point Tracking Techniques using MATLAB/Simulink,†In: 2018 International Conference on Current Trends towards Converging Technologies (ICCTCT), Coimbatore, India, pp. 1–5, March 2018.

F. E. Tahiri, K. Chikh, M. Khafallah, and A. Saad, “Comparative study between two Maximum Power Point Tracking techniques for photovoltaic system,†In: 2016 International Conference on Electrical and Information Technologies (ICEIT), Tangiers, Morocco, pp. 107–112, May 2016.

R. Kumar, B. Kumar and S. D., “Fuzzy Logic based Improved P&O MPPT Technique for Partial Shading Conditions,†In: 2018 International Conference on Computing, Power and Communication Technologies (GUCON), Greater Noida, India, pp. 775–779, March 2019.

L. Bouselham, B. Hajji and H. Hajji, “Comparative study of different MPPT methods for photovoltaic system,†In: 2015 3rd International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference (IRSEC), Marrakech, Morocco, pp. 1–5, December 2015.

M. J. P. Pesdjock, J. R. Mboupda Pone, D. Tchiotsop, M. R. Douanla, and G. Kenne, “Minimization of currents harmonics injected for grid connected photovoltaic systems using duty-cycle modulation technique,†International Journal of Dynamics and Control, vol. 9, pp. 1013–1023, October 2020.

N. Jaalam, N. A. Rahim, A. H. A. Bakar, ChiaKwang Tan, Ahmed M. A. Haidar, “A comprehensive review of synchronization methods for grid-connected converters of renewable energy source,†Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 59, pp. 1471–1481, June 2016.

F. Biloa Assolo, C. H. Kom, A. Nanfak, and G. M. Ngaleu, “Harmonic pollution control of electrical networks: Comparative study of controls, by Pulse Width Modulation and by Duty Cycle Modulation of the three-phase shunt active Parallel filters,†Journal of Electrical Engineering, Electronics, Control and Computer Science, vol. 7, pp. 41–52, July 2021.

S. Kumaresan & H. Habeebullah Sait, “Design and control of shunt active power filter for power quality improvement of utility powered brushless DC motor drives,†Automatika, vol. 61, pp. 507–521, June 2020

H. Akagi, Y. Kanazawa, and A. Nabae, “Generalized Theory of the Instantaneous Reactive Power in Three-Phase Circuits,†In: International Power Electronics Conference, Tokyo, Japan, pp. 1375–1386, 1983.

M.-S. Karbasforooshan, M. Monfared, and M. Dogruel, “Indirect control of single-phase active power filters using harmonic control arrays,†International Journal of Smart Electrical Engineering, vol. 5, pp. 185–190, June 2017


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Electrical Engineering, Electronics, Control and Computer Science

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.