A Comprehensive Review on Power System Risk-Based Transient Stability

Umair Shahzad


Power systems are getting more complex than ever and are consequently operating close to their limit of stability. Moreover, with the increasing demand of renewable wind generation, and the requirement to maintain a secure power system, the importance of transient stability cannot be overestimated. Considering its significance in power system security, it is important to suggest a different methodology for enhancing the transient stability, considering uncertainties. Current deterministic industry practices of transient stability assessment ignore the probabilistic nature of variables (fault type, fault location, fault clearing time, etc.). These approaches typically provide a cautious principle and can result in high-priced expansion projects or operational limits. With the increasing system uncertainties and widespread electricity market deregulation, there is a strong inevitability to incorporate risk in the traditional transient stability analysis. Accurate assessment of transient stability in a modern power network is becoming a strict requirement both in planning and in real-time operation, due to the increasingly intricate dynamics of a power system. Further, increasing sources of uncertainty in forecast state and in the reaction to faults highly implies the implementation of risk-based approach in assessing transient stability. Thus, this paper aims to provide a comprehensive review of risk-based transient stability in power networks and the accompanying research. It is believed that this review can be an inception for investigators in the field of power system planning and security.

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